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Hazel syn. common hazel, hazelnut These plants are very well-known from Polish forests. Hazel trees grow in Europe, Asia, Northern America. However, fruit varieties are cultivated on the territory of Poland, but not further to the north. Hazelnuts are rich in fats, carbohydrates and proteins. They contain a lot of potassium, iron, sodium and magnesium, vitamins B and A. Most often, hazelnuts are small trees or large shrubs growing up to 5-6 m tall. The plants are highly vigorous. Most often they produce rhizomes. If cultivated rationally, the trees live up to 50 years. Hazelnut flowers appear very early and that is why they can be exposed to cold. However, they are only damaged by sudden drops in temperatures. Their requirements to soil are relatively high. Hazelnuts prefer fertile soils rich in humus and calcium. Interesting fact: people believed that magic wands were made from hazelnut wood.